2. Bus Service Elimination Planned

리딩 지문 (읽는 시간 45초)


Bus Service Elimination Planned
The university has decided to discontinue its free bus service for students. The reason given for this decision is that few students ride the buses and the buses are expensive to operate. Currently, the buses run from the center of campus past university buildings and through some of the neighborhoods surrounding the campus. The money saved by eliminating the bus service will be used to expand the overcrowded student parking lots.


리스닝 듣기


말하기 준비 시간: 30초
말하기 녹음 시간: 1분


리스닝 스크립트

Man: I don’t like the university’s plan.
Woman: Really? I’ve ridden those buses, and sometimes there were only a few people on the bus. It did seem like kind of a waste.
Man: I see your point. But I think the problem is the route’s out-of-date. It only goes through the neighborhoods that’ve gotten too expensive for students to live in. It’s ridiculous that they haven’t already changed the route – you know, so it goes where most of campus students live now. I bet if they did that, they’d get plenty of students riding those buses.
Woman: Well, at least they are adding more parking. It’s gotten really tough to find a space.
Man: That’s the other part I don’t like, actually. Cutting back the bus service and adding parking’s just gonna encourage more students to drive on campus. And that’ll just add to the noise around campus and create more traffic…and that’ll increase the need for more parking spaces.
Woman: Yeah, I guess I can see your point. Maybe it would be better if more students used the buses instead of driving.
Man: Right. And the university should make it easier to do that, not harder.


30점을 위한 해설

리딩 파트
리딩 알림 내용: The university has made the decision to terminate its free bus service for students. (대학은 무료 버스 서비스를 폐지하기로 결정함)
첫번째 이유: Since few students utilize the buses, and operating them is costly, the university has decided to discontinue its free bus service for students. (버스를 이용하는 학생이 별로 없고 버스 운영비는 비쌈)
두번째 이유: The funds saved from discontinuing the bus service will be redirected towards expanding the overcrowded student parking lots. (버스 서비스 폐지로 절약된 돈은 복잡한 학생 주차장을 확장하는데 사용될 것임)

리스닝 파트
남학생이 반대함: The man disagrees with the university’s announcement.

첫번째 이유: The main reason many students do not use the bus is because of its route. (학생들이 버스를 이용하지 않는 진짜 이유는 버스의 노선에 있음)
The route passes through neighborhoods where few students live due to the high cost of rent. (버스 노선은 집값이 비싸서 학생들이 많이 살지 않는 동네들을 지나감)
If the university adjusts the bus route to include areas where many students live, it is likely that more students would choose to ride the bus. (대학이 버스 노선을 학생들이 많이 사는 장소로 바꾼다면 많은 학생들이 버스를 탈 것임)

두번째 이유: Adding more parking lots could exacerbate the problem rather than solve it, as students may be inclined to bring more cars to campus under the impression that ample parking space is available. (더 많은 주차 공간을 추가하는 것은 문제를 푸는 것이 아니라 문제를 더하는 것임. 왜냐하면 학생들은 더 많은 주차 공간이 이용가능하다고 생각해서 학교로 더 많은 차를 가져올 것임)
As a result, the campus could experience increased noise and traffic congestion. (결과적으로 더 많은 소음과 교통 체증이 뒤따를 것임)


샘플 답안
The reading passage delineates an announcement regarding the discontinuation of the university’s complimentary bus service for students.
In the ensuing discussion, the man offers a dissenting perspective on this decision.
His primary rationale centers on the inadequacy of the current bus route, which traverses neighborhoods where few students reside due to exorbitant rental costs. He advocates for a revision of the route to encompass areas with a higher student population, positing that such a modification would incentivize greater utilization of the bus service.
Additionally, he articulates concerns regarding the proposed alternative of expanding parking facilities. He contends that this approach would exacerbate rather than alleviate existing issues, as it would encourage more students to commute via private vehicles. The resultant increase in vehicular traffic and noise levels would only serve to compound the campus’s congestion problems.