태스크 3

Subliminal Perception

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2021-11-25 09:09
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리딩 지문 (45초)

Subliminal Perception

Humans are constantly perceiving visual and auditory stimuli. Sometimes our perception of these stimuli occurs consciously: we are aware of a stimulus and know that we are perceiving it. But our perception of a stimulus can also occur without our awareness: an image might appear and disappear before our eyes too quickly for us to notice that we saw it, or a sound might be too faint for us to realize that we heard it. This phenomenon—the perception of a stimulus just below the threshold of conscious awareness—is called subliminal perception. Experiments have shown that subliminally perceived stimuli can influence people's thoughts and attitudes.

 

리스닝 듣기



준비 시간: 30초

말하는 시간: 1분

 

리스닝 스크립트

Consider this experiment. Two groups of people were asked to watch TV, and while they were watching, a picture flashed on this screen less than a second very quickly so it was barely noticeable. The picture was of a boy with a birthday cake. Now like I said, there were two groups, and each group saw a slightly different version of the picture.

One group got the boy looking angry; in fact he was actually throwing the cake on the floor. The other group got the picture of the boy smiling, happy, holding out the cake like he was offering it. Same boy, same cake, but different emotions expressed in each picture. Everyone was then asked to look at a different image. Now this is a third image, right? Again it’s the boy and the cake. But this time the image stayed on the screen. In this picture, the boy’s just holding the cake, basically no emotion on his face, everything very neutral.

Now remember, nobody knew they had already seen a picture of this boy. After a minute everyone was asked to describe the boy’s personality. Those who’d been exposed to the image of angry boy, they generally describe the boy’s personality negatively; those who’d earlier seen the happy boy described him, well, positively.

 

30점을 위한 분석

리딩 파트

리딩 주제어: Subliminal Perception (잠재적인 인식)

리딩 핵심 내용: The perception of a stimulus just below the threshold of conscious awareness is called subliminal perception. (잠재적인 인식이란 의식적인 인식 바로 밑에 있는 자극의 인식임)

리스닝 요약

In an experiment, two groups of people were asked to watch TV. (한 실험에서, 두 그룹에게 TV를 시청하도록 요청했음)

While they were watching, a picture of a boy with a birthday cake flashed on this screen very quickly, so much so that no one was aware of it. (그들이 시청하고 있는 동안 생일 케잌을 든 소년의 사진이 아주 빠르게 보여졌는데, 아무도 그것이 보여졌는지 알지 못했음)

One group got a picture of a boy to appear angry while the other group got a picture of the boy to be smiling. (한 그룹에서 보여진 사진은 화난 표정을 한 소년이었고 다른 그룹에게 보여진 사진은 웃고 있는 소년이었음)

the same boy was displayed in each picture but different emotions. (즉, 같은 소년이지만, 다른 감정이 사진에 나타나 있었음)

Then, a picture of the boy holding the cake but with no emotion on his face was then shown to the two groups. (그런 다음, 케잌을 들고 있는 소년인데 아무런 표정이 없는 소년의 사진을 두 그룹에게 보여주었음)

The two groups didn’t know they had already seen the picture because it had passed so quickly. (두 그룹은 그들이 이전에 사진을 보았다는 것을 모름. 왜냐하면 매우 빠르게 지나갔기 때문)

But when they were both asked to describe the boy’s personality, the group that was exposed to the image of an angry boy described the boy’s personality negatively. (그러나 그 소년의 성격을 묘사하라는 질문에 화난 소년의 이미지에 노출되었던 그룹은 그 표정없는 소년의 성격을 부정적으로 묘사했음)

On the other hand, a group that was exposed to the picture of happy boy depicted the boy’s personality positively. (반면, 행복한 소년의 사진에 노출되었던 그룹은 그 표정없는 소년의 성격을 긍정적으로 묘사했음)

(샘플 답안)

The reading passage explains subliminal perception which is the perception of a stimulus just below the threshold of conscious awareness.

In the lecture, a professor gives an example to elaborate on this concept.

In an experiment, two groups of people were asked to watch TV. While they were watching, a picture of a boy with a birthday cake flashed on this screen very quickly, so much so that no one was aware of it.

One group got a picture of the boy to appear angry while the other group got a picture of the boy to be smiling. The reason behind the two perceptions is because the same boy was displayed in each picture but different emotions. Then, a picture of the boy holding the cake but with no emotion on his face was then shown to the two groups. The two groups didn’t know they had already seen the picture because it had passed so quickly.

When they were both asked to describe the boy’s personality, the group that was exposed to the image of an angry boy describe the boy’s personality negatively. On the other hand, the group that was exposed to the picture of happy boy depicted the boy’s personality positively.

 

아래 링크를 클릭해서 실전 문제를 통해 실력을 점검하세요! (리딩/리스닝 자세한 오답 설명과 스피킹/ 라이팅 고득점 첨삭)

실전 문제 페이지로 가기

https://www.simontoefl.com/%ec%8b%a4%ec%a0%84%eb%ac%b8%ec%a0%9c-set1/

 
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