4. The combination of visual elements

리스닝 듣기



Using points and examples from the talk, explain the combination of visual elements presented by the professor.


말하기 준비 시간: 30초
말하기 녹음 시간: 1분


리스닝 스크립트

In order for art to communicate to appeal to the emotions or the intellect, it has to combine various visual elements to express meaning or emotion. It’s really the visual components of the work, things like color, texture, shape, lines, and how these elements work together that tell us something about the work. Artists combine and manipulate these visual elements to express a message or to create a mood.
Think about how a painter might use color for example. You all know from experience that different colors appeal in different ways to the senses and can convey different meanings. An artist chooses certain colors to evoke particular mood and make powerful statements. The color red, for example, is a strong color and can conjure up strong emotions, such as extreme joy or excitement or even anger. Blue, on the other hand, is considered a cool color. Blue colors tend to have a calming effect on viewers.
Another visual element important to art is texture. By texture I mean the surface quality or feel of the work, its smoothness or roughness or softness. Now of course in some types of art the texture is physical it can actually be touched by the fingers. But in painting for example, texture can be visual. The way an artist paints certain areas of the painting can create the illusion of texture, an object’s smoothness or roughness or softness. A rough texture can evoke stronger emotions and strength while a smooth texture is more calming and less emotional.
As I said earlier, artists often combine the elements to convey a message about the work. Take a painting that, say, uses a lot of strong colors like reds and oranges, and, and uses brush strokes that a broad wide sweeping brush strokes that suggest rough texture. Well, these elements together can convey a wilder, more chaotic emotion in a viewer than, more than, say, a painting with tiny smooth brush strokes and soft and pale colors. Artists use these visual effects and senses they arouse to give meaning to their work.


30점을 위한 해설

Artists combine and manipulate visual elements to express a message or to create a mood. (예술가들은 감정을 창조하거나 메세지를 표현하기 위해 다양한 시각적 요소들을 섞거나 조작한다)
One visual effect is color. (하나의 시각적 효과는 색상이다)
Different colors can be used to deliver different meanings. (다른 색상들은 다른 의미를 전달하기 위해 사용될 수 있다)
The color red is a strong color. (빨간 색상은 강한 색상이다)
When people see this color, the color can provide people with a feeling of strong emotions such as extreme joy, excitement, or anger. (사람들이 이 색상을 보았을 때, 그 색상은 사람들에게 강한 기쁨, 흥분, 분노같은 강한 감정을 제공할 수 있다)
On the other hand, the cool color like blue is likely to create a calming effect. (반면에, 파랑과 같은 차가운 색상은 차분한 효과를 만들 것같다)
Another visual element is texture. (또다른 시각적 요소는 질감이다)
Texture is the surface quality or feel of the work. (질감이란 표면의 질 또는 작품의 느낌이다)
For example, when people see an artwork, they can say whether the artwork looks soft or rough or smooth. (예를 들어, 사람들이 어떤 작품을 보았을 때, 그들은 그 작품이 부드러운지, 거친지, 매끄러운지를 말할 수 있다)
A viewer can have strong emotions when he or she see a rough texture whereas a smooth texture can evoke more calming emotions. (어떤 사람이 거친 질감을 보았을 때 그 사람은 강한 감정을 가질 수 있는 반면, 부드러운 질감은 더 차분한 감정을 끌어낼 수 있다)
So, artists can use these elements to deliver a meaning to viewers. (그래서 미술가들은 보는 사람들에게 어떤 의미를 전달하기 위해 이러한 요소들을 사용할 수 있다)
For example, a combination of strong color and rough texture can convey a wild and chaotic emotion to viewers. (예를 들어, 강한 색상과 거친 질감을 혼합하는 것은 야생적이고 혼란스런 감정을 감상자들에게 전달할 수 있다)


(샘플 답안)

In the lecture, the professor delves into the visual elements that artists manipulate to convey messages or evoke moods in their work.

One crucial visual effect discussed is color. Different colors carry distinct messages or meanings. For instance, the color red is inherently strong and can evoke intense emotions such as extreme joy, excitement, or anger in viewers. Conversely, cool colors like blue tend to have a calming effect on the viewer.

Another important visual element explored is texture, which refers to the surface quality or feel of the artwork. For example, viewers can discern whether an artwork appears soft, rough, or smooth. The texture of an artwork can elicit strong emotions, with rough textures often evoking more intense reactions compared to smooth textures, which tend to evoke a sense of calmness.

Artists strategically combine these visual elements to convey meaning and evoke specific emotions in their viewers.