Types of Chemical Reactions

Types of Chemical Reactions

A chemical response is a process that always results in the conversion of reactants into product or products. The substance or substances initially concerned in a chemical response are called reactants. A type of a chemical reaction is usually characterized by the type of chemical change, and it yields one or more products which are, typically, different from the reactants.

Typically speaking, chemical reactions encompass changes that strictly contain the motion of electrons in the forming and breaking of chemical bonds. Chemical equations are often used to explain the chemical transformations of elementary particles that occur throughout the reaction.

Chemical changes are a results of chemical reactions. All chemical reactions contain a change in substances and a change in energy. However, neither matter nor energy is created or destroyed in a chemical reaction. There are such a lot of chemical reactions that it is useful to categorise them into totally different types together with the widely used phrases for describing common reactions.

Combination response or synthesis response: it is a reaction in which 2 or more chemical parts or compounds unite to form a more complex product.

Example: N2 + 3 H2 ‘ 2 NH3

Isomerisation reaction: is a reaction in which a chemical compound undergoes a structural rearrangement without any change in its net atomic composition.

Instance: trans-2-butene and cis-2-butene are isomers.

Chemical decomposition response or evaluation: is a reaction in which a compound is decomposed into smaller compounds or parts:

Instance: 2 H2O ‘ 2 H2 + O2

Single displacement or substitution: this type of response is characterised by an element being displaced out of a compound by a more reactive element.

Example: 2 Na(s) + 2 HCl(aq) ‘ 2 NaCl(aq) + H2(g)

Metathesis or Double displacement reaction: represents a reaction in which two compounds alternate ions or bonds to form totally different compounds

Examples: NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) ‘ NaNO3(aq) + AgCl(s)

Acid-base reactions: broadly these reactions are characterised as reactions between an acid and a base, can have completely different definitions depending on the acid-base idea employed. A few of the most common are:

Arrhenius definition: Acids dissociate in water releasing H3O+ ions; bases dissociate in water releasing OH- ions.

Brønsted-Lowry definition: Acids are proton (H+) donors; bases are proton acceptors.

Lewis definition: Acids are electron-pair acceptors; bases are electron-pair donors.

Instance: HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) ‘ NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)

Redox reactions: are reactions in which changes in oxidation numbers of atoms in involved species occur. These reactions can typically be interpreted as switch of electrons between completely different molecular sites or species.

Instance: 2 S2O32(aq) + I2(aq) ‘ S4O62(aq) + 2 I(aq)

In this case, I2 is reduced to I- and S2O32- (thiosulfate anion) is oxidized to S4O62-.

Combustion reaction: it is a kind of redox reaction in which any combustible substance combines with an oxidizing factor, normally oxygen, to generate heat and form oxidized products.

Example: C3H8 + 5 O2 ‘ three CO2 + 4 H2O

Other types of chemical reactions include organic reactions which are found in natural chemistry.

Natural reactions compose a wide number of reactions involving compounds which have carbon as the main component in their molecular structure. In opposition to inorganic reactions, organic chemistry reactions are labeled in giant part by the types of the functional teams that exist within every compound. In this case the reactions are described by showing the mechanisms through which the modifications take place.

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